Traliant Resources


Equal Employment Opportunity


Please review the information below and then return to the workplace harassment prevention course.

Harassment and discrimination based on a protected characteristic are prohibited under national law. National law also provides employee protection from bullying.

Applicable Laws

The primary national laws prohibiting employment discrimination and harassment on the basis of any protected characteristic is the Labor Law of 2021. The Rights of Persons with Disabilities Act prohibits workplace discrimination and harassment on the basis of disability.

Under the Penal Code, workplace harassment, including sexual harassment, and bullying is a criminal offense in certain circumstances.

Protected Characteristics

Harassment or discrimination based on any characteristic set forth below is prohibited in Egypt.

  • Sex
  • Race
  • Origin
  • Marital status
  • Religion
  • Political affiliation or any other personal belief
  • Mental or physical disability

Regional, state or other political subdivision laws may provide additional, separate standards and remedies for certain prohibited conduct.


Sexual Harassment

Sexual harassment is unwanted conduct of a sexual nature that has the purpose or effect of:

  • violating an employee’s dignity, or
  • creating an intimidating, hostile, degrading, humiliating or offensive environment, or
  • less favourable treatment because the employee rejects or submits to unwanted conduct of a sexual nature.


Filing a Claim in Egypt

A claim for employment discrimination or harassment may be filed with a Labour Court.

Potential Remedies

In Egypt, an employee who has experienced workplace discrimination or harassment may be entitled to compensation for lost wages and benefits.

Retaliation Prohibited

Employer retaliation against an employee who files a complaint relating to discrimination or harassment or is involved in the complaint process is unlawful.

The information contained on this page is for informational purposes only.
It does not, and is not intended to, constitute legal advice.